Submitted by The Investment Shadow
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Investment Management may not always be fun, but it is always interesting. It is particularly interesting when you figure out what it is that you need to figure out. The problem is to explain what it's all about to those who could benefit from a less modern portfolio theory.
Portfolio design, in its simplest form, is a fruitcake of apples, oranges, and dough. The recipe (asset allocation) is about as straightforward as it can be; the ingredients (equity and income securities) can be purpose directed and of unquestioned quality. Securities' reactions to time, interest rate expectations, and cyclical mood are well documented.
So all we need do is obtain various types of apples and oranges at reasonable prices, arrange for a constant flow of dough, and package the "product" so that profitable pieces can be sold when appropriate or added to when necessary. Voila', done!
But real life investors need to know more about the fruit and what to expect from each variety. Truth be told, we all want our fruitcake to taste better than all others. The problem is understanding what our taste buds are reporting... and most of us are reluctant to buy and to sell when history literally shouts at us that we should.
We've had this conversation many times, but repetition can be helpful, starting with the apples:
The stock market orchard contains all equity varietals, but statistics would likely show that NYSE, B+ or better S & P rated, dividend payers are less likely to fail over the long term than any other group... they come to investors naturally "risk minimized". There is even a non Wall Street manipulated index that tracks this select group of companies, the IGVSI.
Also, although it is no longer popular, MCIMers have a long term, or cyclical, approach to performance evaluation. Given that the S & P is hovering around its highest value ever, one could expect two things: a lot of equity profit taking in recent months, and an unusually high level of "dough" in the fruitcake.
Since the stock market peaked in 2007, IGVSI stocks have risen about 35%; the S & P just over 23%. After a 7 year rise, MCIM portfolio profits have been harvested (twice) in preparation for corrections; the S & P, of course, cannot "prepare" --- neither can mutual funds and unmanaged ETF derivatives.
The MCIM equity "bucket" has done its job, and is prepared to add equities whenever prices fall into range. The oranges have provided even more excitement, but you may have stopped smiling. First, the big picture:
Tax Free CEFs rose dramatically from financial crisis lows to a five year high in November 2012, a spectacular 75%, while distributing significant income and producing highly unusual waves of capital gains. Those who answered the call to the orchard during the crisis, of course, did much better than those who merely reinvested income --- an income which never faltered during the worst financial crisis in history.
Since that November high, Tax Free Closed End Funds have led portfolio market values lower due to market expectations of higher interest rates, and speculators fleeing the safety of bonds for the excitement of an upwards only stock market --- the first one ever. Ya think!
Interestingly, examination of MCIM tax free income only portfolios (w/o deposits or withdrawals), and in spite of a 13% decline since a 2012 high, would probably show them up roughly 25% from 2007 levelss --- beating the gain in the S & P 500 over the same time period. I'll spare you the repetition that this observation deserves, but here's a hypothetical headline:
Managed Municipal Bond CEF Portfolios Beat the Growth of the S & P 500 Over the Past Seven Years
Similarly, taxable income CEFs established new highs throughout 2012. Then, in normal cyclical form, prices started to tumble and now seem to have stabilized about 13% below their 2012 highs.
Yet, income CEF market values remain 42% above financial crisis lows. With the addition of compound interest at roughly 7% per year for 6 years, the average income bucket "Working Capital" of an MCIM portfolio could be up well over 50% from 2007 levels ---three times the growth of the S & P 500.
So, there is little doubt that it is the income investment "bucket" that propelled MCIM portfolios to new high levels more than a year before equity-only market measures. It is the combination of their cyclical retrenchment and Wall Street's hesitation to reap profits that slowed the growth in MCIM portfolio market values in 2013.
Yet MCIM portfolios, with an average of only 60% directed toward equities and "Smart Cash" have likely performed better than equity only indices during the past 5, 10, 20, and 30 year periods on the basis of logic alone.
So, it would seem that, over extended periods of time, apples + oranges produce a better fruitcake than apples alone....
At August 31, 2013 prices, tax free income CEFs were yielding around 7.3%, at their lowest prices since the financial crises. Taxable income CEFs were yielding a point or so more. (Verifiable at cefconnect.com)
At the same time, the non market value, portfolio productivity measures MCIMers call "base income" and "working capital" have continued to rise inexorably. Partially from deposits during the financial crisis, but mainly as a result of compound interest. Did you add to your income CEF portfolio during the financial crisis? Are you adding to your income CEF portfolio now? If not, why not?
This time down a more normal road (prices fall when interest rates are expected to rise AND near the top of stock market rallies), you've seen numerous articles, memos and notices about the opportunities in these securities. Where would you be today, income wise, had you gone shopping during 2008? Yes, the prices would still be down from late-2012, but the income would be much higher, as would the Working Capital.
So nothing has really changed since our last conversation. Income security prices are down across the board since 2012; current yields range between 6% and 9% on tax free and taxable CEFs, respectively. You continue to have the unique opportunity to add to your positions to increase portfolio yield, increase current income, AND reduce the cost basis per share of your positions.
What are you waiting for?
Retirement Ready Income Programs
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|Please read this disclaimer:|
Steve Selengut is registered as an investment adviser representative. His assessments and opinions are purely his own. None of the information presented here should be construed as an endorsement of any business entity; the information is only intended to be educational and thought provoking.
Risk Management: Income, 401k, and IRA Programs
Take a free tour of a professional investment managers' private SEP IRA program during ten years surrounding the financial crisis:
In developing the investment plan, personal financial goals, objectives, time frames, and future income requirements should all be considered. A first step would be to assure that small portfolios (under $50,000) are at least 50% income focused.
At the $100,000 level, between 30% and 40% income focused is fine, but above age 50, the income focus allocation needs to be no less than 40%... and it could increase in 10% increments every five years.
The "Income Bucket" of the Asset Allocation is itself a portfolio risk minimization tool, and when combined with an "Equity Bucket" that includes only Investment Grade Value Stocks, it becomes a very powerful risk regulator over the life of the portfolio.
Other Risk Minimizers include: "Working Capital Model" based Asset Allocation, fundamental quality based selection criteria, diversification and income production rules, and profit taking guidelines for all securities,
Dealing with changes in the Investment Environment productively involves a market/interest rate/economic cycle appreciation, as has evolved in the Market Cycle Investment Management (MCIM) methodology. Investors must formulate realistic expectations about investment securities--- by class and by type. This will help them deal more effectively with short term events, disruptions and dislocations.
Over the past twenty years, the market has transitioned into a "passive", more products than ever before, environment on the equity side... while income purpose investing has actually become much easier in the right vehicles. MCIM relies on income closed end funds to power our programs.
To illustrate just how powerful the combination of highest quality equities plus long term closed end funds has been during this time... we have provided an audio PowerPoint that illustrates the development of a Self Directed IRA portfolio from 2004 through 2014.
Throughout the years surrounding the "Financial Crisis", Annual income nearly tripled from $8,400 to $23,400 and Working Capital grew 80% $198,000 to $356,000.
Total income is 6.5% of capital and more than covers the RMD.
Managing income purpose securities requires price volatility understanding and disciplined income reinvestment protocals. "Total realized return" (emphasis on the realized) and compound earnings growth are the key elements. All forms of income secuities are liquid when dealt with in Closed End Funds.
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|Please read this disclaimer:|
Steve Selengut is registered as an investment advisor representative. His assessments and opinions are purely his own and do not represent the views of any other entity. None of his commentary is or should be considered either investment advice or a solicitation of business. Anyone seeking individualized investment advice should contact a qualified investment adviser. None of the information presented in this article is intended to be or should be construed as an endorsement of any entity or organization. The reader should not assume that any strategies, or investments mentioned are any more than illustrations --- they are never recommendations, and others will most certainly disagree with the thoughts presented in the article.